What Are The Basic Characteristics And Properties Of Silver And Gold Mines?

Silver and Gold Mine (Electrum) (Au,Ag):Gold’s natural alloys or man-made alloys contain more than 10-15% silver, at least 20%, sometimes up to 50%, and often contain Cu, Fe, Bi, Pb, etc.

Basic characteristics: equiaxed crystal system.The color is light yellow to light yellow white. Metallic luster. It is a rare associated mineral of placer gold. Irregular grains, dendrites, veins and flakes, and connected bodies, few are round particles The surface of the particles is uneven with small pits or sponges. The surface is covered with iron hydroxide film and brown secondary film. No cleavage. Hardness 2-3. Exhibit. The proportion is 12-14.

Optical properties: opaque. The reflectance increases with the silver content, from 70% to 90%.

Chemical properties: Partially dissolved in concentrated nitric acid. After the minerals are dissolved in aqua regia and evaporated to dryness, the dry residue is treated with 1 drop of water, and then ammonium thiocyanate is added, that is, brownish yellow or dirty yellow-green hairy, mossy gold ammonium thiocyanate is generated.

Identification characteristics: The difference from natural gold is that the silver-gold mine is light yellow, sometimes yellowish white; easy to weather, and a secondary film is formed on the surface.

Genesis: It is produced in medium and low temperature hydrothermal deposits, that is, silver-lead deposits, and is associated with galena, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, pale red silver, and natural silver. Produced in pyrite type deposits and polymetallic deposits, the occurrence state is mainly interstitial gold, followed by fissure gold and a small amount of inclusion gold; gold-bearing minerals are mainly pyrite and quartz, followed by galena, Chalcopyrite, sphalerite.

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What Are The Basic Characteristics And Properties Of Silver And Gold Mines?
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