Nickel ore priority flotation process(Sulfide ore)

Nickel ore priority flotation process

The main source of nickel production in various countries is nickel sulfide ore, accounting for about 60%; Rich ores containing more than 3% nickel can be directly smelted, and the sulfide minerals of nickel mainly include sulfide copper nickel ore, nickel pyrite, needle sulfide nickel ore, etc. The commonly used ore dressing method is flotation, and gravity and magnetic separation are also used as auxiliary means; The flotation process includes priority flotation process, mixed flotation process, mixed priority flotation process, and flotation magnetic separation combined process. Nickel oxide ore mainly utilizes laterite nickel ore, accounting for about 40% of the production; The treatment methods for laterite nickel ore mainly include pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy, and combined beneficiation and metallurgy.

process flow

  • 1.Crushing:The raw ore undergoes two stages of crushing, coarse crushing and fine crushing, and is crushed to a certain size for subsequent grinding processing.
  • 2.Grinding:The crushed ore is sent to a grinding machine for grinding, and it is ground into fine powder. The fineness of grinding is usually controlled at around 0.074mm to ensure that mineral particles are fully exposed and facilitate flotation treatment.
  • 3.Priority flotation:The ground slurry is sent to the priority flotation machine, during which specific collectors are used to prioritize the flotation of nickel minerals. Priority flotation process means that in the flotation process, the most valuable nickel minerals are first recovered, rather than multiple minerals being recovered simultaneously.

Technological advantages

  • Efficient recovery of nickel: The priority flotation process can efficiently recover nickel minerals, improve the beneficiation efficiency and recovery rate of nickel.
  • Improving concentrate quality:By prioritizing flotation, it is possible to effectively reduce the mixing of other impurities and improve the quality of nickel concentrate.
  • Simplified process:Compared with other polymetallic flotation processes, the priority flotation process is more simplified, reducing the cost of beneficiation and operational complexity.
  • Environmental Protection and Energy Conservation:Priority flotation processes usually require less reagents and energy consumption, have a smaller impact on the environment, and meet the requirements of green mineral processing.
  • The priority flotation process of sulfide nickel ore can efficiently and high-quality recover nickel minerals, while also having advantages such as simplified process, environmental protection and energy conservation.

Typical beneficiation plant

Jinchuan Nickel Mine Dressing Plant: The deposit belongs to the magma melting type deposit, and the main useful minerals in the ore are nickel pyrite, magnetite, purple sulfur nickel iron ore, pyrite, chalcopyrite, galena, etc. The interview minerals mainly include serpentine, olivine, pyroxene, etc.